Epidemiological Survey of Substance Abuse in Germany
Since the 1980s, the Epidemiological Survey of Substance Abuse (ESA) has regularly recorded the use of alcohol, tobacco, illicit drugs, and medications in the general population of Germany. The focus is on observing trends in substance use and its consequences. In addition, the Epidemiological Survey of Substance Abuse focuses on current research questions and developments. The survey thus complements the federal health reporting system as an important source of data.
Monitoring the use of psychoactive substances is of great importance for health policy. It provides the basis for assessing the extent of substance-related health damage in the population and specific subgroups. On this basis, decisions can be made for the development, implementation, and evaluation of measures to minimize substance-related problems.