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Epidemiological Survey of Substance Abuse in Germany

The repeated cross-sectional National Epidemiological Survey of Substance Abuse (ESA) collects data on the use of psychotropic substances, their consequences and assessment as well as other basic data for adults by means of a mail questionnaire. Funded by the Federal Ministry of Health (BMG), it has been carried out for the first time in 1980. The survey has been repeated in 1986, 1990, 1992, 1995, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2009, 2012, and 2015. The 2018 analyses will be published soon.

Data 2015


Healthy- (58.5%), drinking- (24.4%), smoking-lifestyle (15.4%), cumulate risk factors lifestyle (1.7%). Health promotion strategies should focus on younger and single men


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Status and health


The aim of the present study was to evaluate the mediating role of the health status between socio-economic status and analgesics and sedatives/hypnotics


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Eight surveys


Western countries have seen a widening of social inequalities in recent years. Socio-economic status is one key factor associated with physical and mental health


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Gefördert durch das Bundesministerium für Gesundheit